Car accidents have become a common phenomenon on our roads, in fact motor vehicle accidents are among the leading causes of death of people between the ages of 18-34. While not all accidents lead to fatalities there are still severe injuries suffered by those in the accident. Car accidents are one of the easiest tragedies to prevent if the driver and the pedestrians all observed the traffic rules and regulations.
Some of the causes of car accidents include:
1. Driving recklessly
2. Using of mobile phones while driving
3. Driving while fatigued
4. Driving under the influence of alcohol
5. Driving during poor weather conditions
Most Common Car Accident Injuries
a. Head and Spinal Cord Injuries
This happens when during the collision your head impacts against the dashboard, steering wheel or the window. The impact can range from mild concussions to severe brain damage. The impact can be hard enough to disrupt the brain fluids or fracture the skull. The spinal cord is one of the most sensitive parts of the body and it contains all of your nerve clusters thus during the impact of a car accident damage to the spinal cord leads to the impaired sensation of different parts of the body and in worst case scenarios patients have been left paralyzed.
b. Tissue injury
It mostly occurs when there is damage to the soft tissues which act as connectors to different body structures and organs. They include the muscles, blood vessels, ligaments, and tendons. This is grouped into acute or chronic. examples of acute include bruise, sprain, and strain where the chronic injuries occur due to much friction during impact and results in inflammation.
c. Whiplash Injury
This results from the sudden extension of the neck muscles during impact. This brings about neck stiffness, dizziness and sensational pains in the arms and shoulders. It commonly occurs in head-on collisions.
d. Chest Injuries
This may result to broken ribs, inflammation of the lungs and to people with heart problems it may result in cardiac arrest or post-traumatic effects. Due to the position of the chest cavity it may lead to the damage of the pelvis, the abdomen and other internal organs such as the liver and this may require immediate medical attention.
e. Injuries to the Arm and legs
This depends on the impact created by an accident, which may result in bone fractures, injury to surrounding tissues or bruises. In worst case scenarios it has led to the amputation of the limbs or arms.
Road accidents can be avoided if all the road users respected and followed the set traffic rules and regulations. It also is advisable for individuals who have been involved in car accidents to go for body check ups, and also attend counseling session for post-traumatic exposure.